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王殷厚
理學院院長
活動
研討會, 演講, 講座 | 2023年03月14日
IAS Center for Quantum Technologies Seminar Series - New Platforms for Quantum Sensing and Quantum Computing
Abstract The nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond exhibits spin-dependent fluorescence and long spin coherence times under ambient conditions, enabling applications in quantum information processing and sensing. NV centers near the surface can have strong interactions with external materials and spins, enabling new forms of nanoscale spectroscopy. However, NV spin coherence degrades within 100 nanometers of the surface, suggesting that diamond surfaces are plagued with ubiquitous defects. The speaker will describe her research group’s recent efforts to correlate direct materials characterization with single spin measurements to devise methods to stabilize highly coherent NV centers within nanometers of the surface. They deploy these coherent shallow NV centers for a new nanoscale sensing technique, whereby they use covariance measurements of two or more NV centers to measure two-point magnetic field correlators. The speaker will also discuss steps towards controlling diamond surface chemistry to develop NV centers as a platform for nanoscale NMR. The speaker’s approach for correlating surface spectroscopy techniques with single qubit measurements to realize directed improvements is generally applicable to many systems. Separately, the speaker will describe their recent efforts to tackle noise and microwave losses in superconducting qubits. Building large, useful quantum systems based on transmon qubits will require significant improvements in qubit relaxation and coherence times, which are orders of magnitude shorter than limits imposed by bulk properties of the constituent materials. This indicates that loss likely originates from uncontrolled surfaces, interfaces, and contaminants. Previous efforts to improve qubit lifetimes have focused primarily on designs that minimize contributions from surfaces. However, significant improvements in the lifetime of planar transmon qubits have remained elusive for several years. The speaker’s research group has recently fabricated planar transmon qubits that have both lifetimes and coherence times exceeding 0.3 milliseconds by replacing niobium with tantalum in the device. Following this discovery, they have parametrized the remaining sources of loss in state-of-the-art devices using systematic measurements of the dependence of loss on temperature, power, and geometry. This parametrization, complemented by direct materials characterization, allows for rational, directed improvement of superconducting qubits. About the Speaker Prof. Nathalie DE LEON received her BS in Chemistry from Stanford University in 2004 and her PhD in Chemical Physics from Harvard University in 2011. She then worked as a Center for Integrated Quantum Materials and Element Six Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard. In 2016, she joined the faculty of Princeton University as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and is currently an Associate Professor there. Prof. De Leon’s research is focused on building quantum technologies with solid state defects and new material systems for superconducting qubits. She is currently the Materials Thrust Leader of the Co-design Center for Quantum Advantage, a National Quantum Information Science Center under the US Department of Energy. Prof. De Leon is the recipient of 2016 US Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Award and 2017 Sloan Research Fellowship. In 2018, she received the US National Science Foundation’s Faculty Early Career Development Program Award, the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency’s Young Faculty Award, and the US Department of Energy’s Early Career Award. In 2023, she was awarded the Rolf Landauer and Charles H. Bennett Award in Quantum Computing by the American Physical Society for her substantial contributions to the field of experimental quantum information science. For Attendees' AttentionThis talk will be held online via Zoom. To attend, please join the Zoom meeting at https://hkust.zoom.us/j/92503111371 (Meeting ID: 925 0311 1371 / Passcode: 475970). About the Center For more information, please refer to the center website at https://iascqt.hkust.edu.hk/.
研討會, 演講, 講座 | 2023年02月24日
IAS Center for Quantum Technologies Seminar Series - Quantum Sensing of Quantum Materials
Abstract Exploring new class of quantum materials with advanced magnetic and electronic properties has been a central focus of modern condensed matter physics over the past decades. The success of these efforts relies simultaneously on advances in theory, material synthesis, and development of new, sensitive metrology tools capable of diagnosing the key material properties at the nanoscale. Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers, optically active atomic spin defects in diamond, are naturally relevant in this context due to their excellent quantum coherence, unprecedented spatial and field sensitivity, and remarkable functionality over broad experimental conditions. Serving as a local probe of multiple degrees of freedom, NV centers are ideally posed to investigate the fundamental correlations between microscopic spin, charge, and thermal behaviors in condensed matter systems. In this talk, the speaker will present her research group’s recent work on using NV centers to perform quantum sensing of emergent quantum materials. Specifically, they have utilized NV centers to visualize the exotic spin properties of topological magnetic materials and antiferromagnetic insulators, revealing the fundamental spin transport and dynamic physics at the nanoscale. Taking advantage of coherent coupling between NV centers and nanomagnetic devices, they achieved electric field induced coherent control of NV centers, promoting the role of NV centers at the forefront research of quantum science and technologies. Lastly, the speaker will briefly discuss their ongoing efforts on exploring 2D quantum sensing technologies using emergent color centers beyond NVs. About the Speaker Prof. DU Chunhui received her BS in Physics from East China Normal University in 2010 and her PhD in Physics from The Ohio State University in 2015. Before joining the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) in 2019, she was a Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard University. She is currently an Assistant Professor of Physics at UCSD. Prof. Du’s current research focuses on developing color center-based quantum sensing technologies for studying emergent condensed matter systems. She is the recipient of the US National Science Foundation Career Award (2021), US Air Force’s Young Investigator Research Program Award (2021), US Department of Energy’s Early Career Award (2022), the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Early Career Scientist Prize (2022) and the US Office of Naval Research’s Young Investigator Award (2023). For Attendees' AttentionThis talk will be held online via Zoom. To attend, please join the Zoom meeting at https://hkust.zoom.us/j/92503111371 (Meeting ID: 925 0311 1371 / Passcode: 475970). About the Center For more information, please refer to the center website at https://iascqt.hkust.edu.hk/.
No. 23
Science Focus
Science Focus由理學院本科生在教職員的指導下編寫及設計。旨在透過有趣的科研文章以啟發及培育學生於科學及科研發現的興趣。
就讀
理學院
本科生
課程
注入新元素,使課程更加多樣化,並增加跨學科課程,培養學生獨立探索的能力。
研究生
課程
緊貼最新的科技發展,為學生提供具備啟發性思維的訓練。
學術單位
化學系
生命科學部
數學系
海洋科學系
物理系
化學系
化學系的教職員既充滿朝氣,亦具備群策群力的團隊精神。他們活躍於化學研究的各個領域,其研究成果更獲得國際認同。
生命科學部
生命科學部旨在促進生物科學的科研和教育之發展。
數學系
數學系的兩大基柱為追求卓越的研究成果及承諾提供高效優質的教學課程。
海洋科學系
本系旨在帶領各方認識不同領域的海洋科技,包括有關海洋保育,氣候變化,海洋資源管理,社會經濟及可持續發展的基礎概念和實踐。
物理系
物理系的使命乃由教學、科研及創新這鐵三角組成。
科目研究
突破科研界限,追求新發現及建立嶄新的研究模式。